Monday, June 15, 2020


Do you want to be a mobile application developer or want to decide which framework to choose to develop mobile applications for your next business solution in the year 2020, then you are in the right place.

Many of you would be in the dilemma of choosing between the two most popular frameworks in the mobile application development world. So, Now you can keep your worries aside because I'll be helping you to clarify some of your doubts.

In this article I will try to differentiate between the two, keeping these points in mind. 
  • Year of release
  • Popularity
  • Job availability
  • Ease of learning
  • Community help
  • Technology stack

What's React-Native and Flutter?


React Native and Flutter both are a framework for building native applications for both Android and iOS using a single code base. I'll explain them further

ReactNative


React Native is a JavaScript framework for writing real, natively rendering mobile applications for iOS and Android. It's based on React, Facebook's JavaScript library for building user interfaces. Still, there's a small difference that, instead of targeting the browser, focuses on Mobile Platform and is released in the year 2015.

Flutter


Flutter is a free and open-source mobile UI framework created by Google and released in May 2017. In simple words, this means you can use one programming language and create an application for the two most popular operating systems in the market, i.e., Android and iOS.

Flutter consist of two essential parts:
  • An SDK(Software Development Kit): A collection of tools that are going to help you develop your applications. This includes tools to compile the code into native machine code.
  • A Framework (UI Library based on widgets): A collection of reusable UI elements (buttons, text inputs, sliders) and many more

To work in the Flutter environment, you need to learn a Special programming language Dart i.e developed by Google in 2013.

Now the next question that will be stinking to your mind would be

Which is more popular Flutter or React Native?


Here firstly, I would like to add some proofs to support my statement.


This is a screenshot from one of the trustable keyword comparison sites i.e., google Trends. This is the data for the last 12 months for both the keywords.

One can easily interpret from the graph that Flutter has shown a lot of improvements and is likely to change the chart in the next few months in its favour. React Native, on the other hand, is maintaining a constant graph throughout, and that's also a beautiful thing too.

As per my interpretation, we can say that the popularity of react-native has not dropped yet, but Flutter is gaining more popularity in comparison.


Now, Which one is easy to learn?


The answer to this question is It mostly depends on your knowledge of programming languages.

If you are coming from Java, Flutter would be the obvious choice since Flutter uses the Dart programming language, which is targeted to people who use Java and should have a familiar feel.

On the flip side, if you are proficient in Javascript, then it would be your pick. It should be mostly familiar ground, and learning React would only give you a gentle learning curve.

Which one of the two has more jobs?


Here also, I would like to add some screenshots to support my statement.

These are some screenshots from one of the most popular sites, i.e., Upwork, and you can see the difference here React native wins here with approx 3 times more jobs than Flutter.


Since React Native was released earlier, it has already captured the whole market comparatively Flutter was released much later and is still being in the adoption phase.

If you want a job real quick, then I would suggest that you should go for React Native.



Which has more support?


React Native was released much earlier than Flutter and is already adopted by many well-established silicon valley giants, so obviously, Rect Native is a vast community right now, resulting in more community support.

Also, React Native being old has more no of plugins available as compared to flutter. Surely flutter is trying hard to bridge that gap, but in the programming world, the one who comes first gets more advantage.

Which is faster and gives better performance Flutter or React Native?


Both of the frameworks come with a hot reload feature means you can see changes in your application in just blink of an eye. Both are equally good, but there's a point I would like to mention that it is the Flutter that has the edge over its competitor. Flutter has the advantage of Dart and also the JavaScript Bridge to connect with the native components.

Additional Points

At last, I would like to add a point that there's a thing known as Developer to Developer Communication in which React Native takes a definite advantage. 

Developer communication means how easily a developer can communicate with the co-developer. To support this statement, let's take an example, suppose you are working in a company with a backend developer who writes backend using Node.js or simply says JavaScript, is it easier to communicate with him if you are React Native or Flutter developer? Obviously, he will understand you more if you are React Native Developer.

I will say that both of them are equally good, learn according to what interests you the most. and ya surely Flutter is the future of Programming language ;)

Conclusion

Time to take a look at what we learned. React Native and Flutter both are a framework for building native applications for both Android and iOS using a single code base. React Native due to its earlier release has already captured a more market share whereas Flutter is comparatively newer and is still in the adoption phase.

Due to its parent company, google which has already gained a lot of consumers' trust the graph of popularity of Flutter is already going up. So it's likely that in the next few years flutter is going to get a considerable amount of share in the market of the mobile application development.
This is the end to the article Flutter vs React Native. Thanks for reading.

What are you planning to learn? Do let me know ;)
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post written by:

Hi, Navjyot Singh is a coder, content maker and a freelance developer who's pursuing an undergraduate Engineering degree in Computer Science. He started out as a web developer but later picked up the mobile as his favourite platform to develop applications. A Writer by day and coder by night is loathed to discuss himself as the third person but can be persuaded to do so from time to time.

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